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2015 Oily Rag Run

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Oily Rags at Bicester

Weatherbeaten panels, cracking paint, creaking hinges – a lifetime of use proudly on display. A description of a typical Oily Rag motor car? It could just as well be the description of the Motor Transport yard at the former RAF Bicester. The group behind Bicester Heritage are ‘our’ kind of people, and we jumped at the chance when they offered to open their doors to The Automobile for our fifth annual Oily Rag Run.
Typically, by the time the editorial team had cajoled their misbehaving Berkeley into the site, most of the other entrants had long since arrived, and the line-up of Oily Rags was a sight for sore eyes. Ranging from the cherished and mellow to the downright disreputable, with an almost even mix of pre- and postwar cars, both utilitarian and glamorous, it is clear the Oily Rag ethos spreads far and wide in the old-car world.
After a guided tour of the site and a light lunch, we took a scenic drive over the border to Oxfordshire where we gathered at Nuffield Place, the former home of Lord Nuffield, preserved much as he left it by the National Trust. A most civilised location to end the day, and an excellent example of preservation in the non-motoring world.

Riley Nine Monaco

Riley Nine Monaco

Panhard Dyna X86

Panhard Dyna X86

Hudson Super 8

Hudson Super 8

1936 Riley Sprite

1936 Riley Sprite

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Rolls-Royce with Voisin-style coachwork

Dodge Coronet

Dodge Coronet

Lagonda two-litre dhc

Lagonda two-litre dhc

1930 Talbot 90

1930 Talbot 90

Panhard Dynas at Nuffield Place

Panhard Dynas at Nuffield Place

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1935 Ford three-window V8 back on the road

1935 Ford V8 coupé - Photograph by Tom Pilston

1935 Ford V8 coupé – Photograph by Tom Pilston

Ford Motor Co Ltd chose not to exhibit at the 1935 Motor Show at Olympia. Instead, for the same period, 17-26th October, they went westwards to the more fashionable part of Kensington for their own Ford Motor Exhibition. In the exclusive surroundings of the Royal Albert Hall they announced the new 22hp V8 Model 60. This was an ‘economical’ model designed to comply with the British taxation system, and formed the basis for the European smaller capacity eight until the outbreak of war. For annual road tax purposes this 2226cc engine was rated at £16.10s, whereas cars powered by the larger 30hp Ford V8 attracted a tax of £22.10s annually. But the smaller engine proved unreliable and the Model 60 was short lived. Many owners asked Ford to exchange it for the Model 62 unit which came out in 1936.

The car belonging to David Acon, which is described here, is a three-window coupé that was probably built in Canada as a Model 48 30hp. This model was also built in that country as a ‘colonial’ version for sale in British Empire markets. This particular car was sent over to Dagenham for assembly with the smaller engine, transmission, rear axle and right-hand drive controls. British built cars can be identified by the trafficators on stalks, sidelamps on top of the wings, different headlamp reflectors with the vertical post and, of course, the 30mph warning line on the speedometer.
JB 7203 was ordered at the Albert Hall Show by Dr Robert Shepard and his wife Zoë and supplied through A W Heybourn and Co Ltd, of Maidenhead. It came with its side panels, wheels and headlamps finished in Ivory. This paint job was an extra which cost Dr Shepard another £2.10s after a 50 per cent discount. At some time very early on in the car’s career, as recorded in the 1939 log book, it was fitted with the replacement Model 62 engine which it retains.
After Dr Shepard’s death in 1940, the car was laid up for the remainder of the war. His widow had it re-commissioned in 1950 by Stevenson’s Automobile Sales Ltd, of Maidenhead. It was then used for a short time before being returned to the garage. In 1962 two schoolboys, Jem Bowkett and John Brice, badgered Zoë Shepard into letting them clean the car up and get it running. By the time they went back to school at the end of the summer holiday, JB 7203 had been cleaned, was running and had water in its cooling system. Unfortunately the big freeze of 1962-63 took its toll and one of the stainless steel water jacket plates was pushed out of shape by the ice, which popped the welds securing it to the block. The car remained in this state until it appeared in a Sotheby’s auction in 1978, when it was bought by an American collector living in the United Kingdom, Bob Bass, for £5000 – much more than it was worth. David Acon remembers buying a second-hand E-type around that time for £1250, for example.

Eventually Bass took the car back to the USA, where unsuccessful attempts were made to repair the damage. Bob Bass died in 2012 and David Acon, who had been researching an English Model A Ford cabriolet, got to hear about it, loved the coupé shape and realised how rare it was in right hand drive form. He bought the car and had it shipped back to the UK. No sooner had it been cleared through Customs in November, 2013, than David dusted it down and it was taken directly to the Classic Car Show at the NEC, where it was displayed on the Early Ford V8 Club stand. Up to that time the car had covered only 19,652 miles. It had spent most of its life in storage. The various buildings in which it had been kept had been dry and the car had survived in very good condition. It was completely original – nothing had been altered apart from the engine exchange by the Ford dealer early in its life. The paintwork was a little dull and one or two small areas had been touched up, but that was all. Even the floor mats were the original ones.

The main problem was the damaged engine. David took the car to Ford V8 engine specialist Jim Turnbull, of Royal Kustoms at Holton Heath in Dorset. The brief he was given was that everything possible should be done to keep the car original. David says ‘He has done a brilliant job and enjoyed every minute of the chase.’ The fuel tank had to be replaced – it would have been difficult to repair the original; the fuel gauge was inoperable and spares for it are impossible to get. Jim installed an original electric replacement, as fitted to the 1936 model, so as to keep the original instrument face. Replacement electric fuel pumps for this model are apparently quite hard to find, too. In the end Jim collected together four old ones and made a good working one out of them. New wheel bearings and brake shoes were fitted, as well as new tyres. The back axle and gearbox were inspected, cleaned and refilled. The dynamo and starter motor were overhauled but the water pumps had to be replaced with new/old stock. A small section of the wiring loom had to be replaced and a new coil obtained. The engine itself remained the main problem. New/old stock spares for these smaller V8s are very hard to come by. Jim explains that the stainless steel water jacket plates which had been damaged by the frost were originally welded to the block, a very tricky operation that virtually no present-day welder would tackle. In the end, they were reshaped to the original dimensions, electron beam tack welded in place, then brazed and silver soldered. The engine was rebored and fitted with new pistons and rings. The crankshaft was reground to a size for which shells were available. The camshaft proved to be reusable. The aluminium heads were beyond repair, having crumbled away in places, but a new/old stock pair was eventually found. The radiator was completely blocked up with dirt and rust and had to be recored.

This is a very pretty car. Its cloth bench seat has attracted the moth, but will be left in its original condition. The roof lining is complete. The original rear blind is in place and the opening rear window works perfectly. The instruments were in working order and just needed to be cleaned. The two-seater dickey is still upholstered in the original leathercloth. The paintwork is faded in places and there are knocks and some damage to the Ivory finish, but it will not be repainted. No attempt has been made to disguise the fact that the engine has been completely rebuilt. The rarity of JB 7203 should not be forgotten: it is the only known 22hp model coupé to survive that was made in Dagenham in right-hand drive form. In post-war years many like it, and similar models, were sought by the early stock car racing fraternity and driven to destruction. David wants it to remain in its Oily Rag state and be shown at selected events that are appropriate. What better year to do this than 2015, which will mark 80 years since it was built?

1935 Ford V8 coupé - Photograph by Tom Pilston

1935 Ford V8 coupé – Photograph by Tom Pilston

1935 Ford V8 coupé - Photograph by Tom Pilston

1935 Ford V8 coupé – Photograph by Tom Pilston

Words: Michael Ware
Photographs: Tom Pilston
This article originally appeared in The Automobile magazine

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An Oily Rag Pop

A glutton for punishment, The Automobile‘s Publisher has invested in perhaps the archetypal example of post-war British ‘grey porridge’. Acquired at Brightwells’ sale in Leominster in November, it is a 1954 Ford Popular 103E saloon – an Oily Rag example if ever there was one.

As Douglas says, like it or loathe it, the Ford Pop is the car that put Britain on wheels after World War Two. Developed largely by stripping out even quite basic fittings from its immediate predecessor, the Anglia E494A, the Popular was introduced in 1953 as the cheapest car on the UK market, retailing at £390 including purchase tax. Selling in opposition to dearer but much more advanced Ford models such as the three-box ohv 100E Anglia and Prefect, the Popular soldiered on until 1959, selling so well that Ford had to move production from the main Dagenham works to a smaller Briggs body plant nearby. In all, 155,340 examples were built and sold.
The latest, 60-year-old addition to the Oily Rag fleet was acquired after spirited bidding for £2600 plus commission, interest centring (we were told) on its transferable period number plate, MCJ 114, rather than the car itself. We had been attracted, as usual, by its history. With only 40,000-odd miles recorded, it had had but three owners, all of them living in rural Herefordshire and the last in possession for 47 years, having acquired the car aged 15 before eventually putting it away in a barn.
Cleaned of many years’ worth of straw, bird droppings, dust and detritus, the car turned out to be delightfully original in all respects. The paintwork, almost unblemished, responded well to a coat of T-cut, and the filthy interior, cleaned up, showed no signs of wear. As we write, Richard Naughton of Naughton’s Garage in nearby Knighton is going through the electrics and mechanicals from stem to stern. He has found nothing amiss – even the 6v battery was replaced by the last owner before sale – but the car does need new tyres and attention to its original plywood floorboards and rear seat backrest, which have succumbed to woodworm attack.
We can’t wait to drive it…
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The Oily Rag Run 2013

The Automobile magazine head North

“North Yorkshire,” declared our Publisher.

“We’ll hold this year’s Oily Rag Run in North Yorkshire.”

There was method in his madness, however. In a show of extreme generosity, brothers Daniel and Toby Ward had offered to open their private collection of important early cars to us, and provide a slap-up lunch, too. Knowing just a few of the treasures stored within their ample barns, the thought of a 600-mile round trip suddenly didn’t seem quite so strenuous.

After a week of on-off fettling The Automobile’s Ford V8 Woodie, at the last minute we elected to take our 1937 Lincoln-Zephyr instead, banking on its two-speed rear axle and cavernous interior to provide a relaxed cruising car for the journey along the painfully dull but mercifully direct A1. Three-up, filled with luggage and drinking petrol at an alarming rate, the V-12 more than proved its worth and we arrived in the charming spa town of Harrogate in good spirits.

The following morning we emerged from the Old Swan Hotel to watch the first cars arrive. Soon enough the whole car park was overrun by the decrepit, dilapidated and downright disreputable motor cars of the Oily Rag fraternity. With the full complement gathered, we embarked on the first leg of the journey and headed towards the Wards’ collection. Nick Bell took the rôle of lead car in his delightfully scruffy Alvis 12/50 Sportsman’s saloon, followed by George Stanton’s 1924 Humber 8hp which went on to win the coveted prize for Most Feral Car.

he Ward brothers’ collection did not disappoint. Their intelligent selection of truly interesting cars, encompassing everything from a 1892 Peugeot to a 1934 Rolls-Royce 20/25 and housed in a purpose-built two-storey barn decorated with period automobilia, is truly a sight to behold. In addition to the cars, the Wards have a passion for early tractors and steam-powered traction engines, housed in another huge purpose-built shed. These collections proved almost as popular as the cars, and both Daniel and Toby took great pleasure in steaming up some of the engines, the reassuring chug-chug of these mechanical elephants providing a gentle, nostalgic soundtrack to the excellent barbecue tended by the brothers, who proved themselves to be perfect hosts and true enthusiasts.

After lunch, we reluctantly dragged ourselves away from this quite remarkable collection for the second leg of our journey, an amble through country lanes towards the charming town of Richmond, where our tatty convoy descended on St Nicholas, the historic home of Keith and Jilly Schellenberg, who had graciously agreed to be our hosts for the afternoon. The formal gardens were open to visit and provided a welcome distraction for those of us who had somewhat overdosed on motor cars earlier in the day, though Keith’s trio of Vintage Bentleys was on show in a quiet corner of the maze-like property for those willing to seek them out.

Fully refreshed by Jilly Schellenberg’s tea and cake, the participants began to disperse. After seeing off the last, evidently well satisfied entrants, we piled into the Lincoln and headed south. Settling back into the grey cloth seats, with the throaty V-12 humming away, we reflected on yet another successful Run. The generosity of our hosts and the enthusiasm of the entrants had once again proved just how popular the Oily Rag ethos has become in recent years. As we rolled into Surrey a little after midnight, shattered and starving, we couldn’t help but admit it: North Yorkshire had been the perfect destination.

(This article originally appeared in the December, 2013 issue of The Automobile. More photos from the run can be seen on their website)

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The Automobile’s Oily Rag Run 2013

The Oily Rag concept, at least in the motoring world, has been pioneered and championed by our friends at The Automobile magazine, who not only own an enviable collection of Oily Rags themselves, but each year organise a celebratory run for unrestored pre-1960 cars in a different area of the UK.

This year, on Sunday, 28th September, the fourth Oily Rag Run will take place in picturesque North Yorkshire. The starting point is the famous Old Swan hotel in Harrogate with a gentle meander through quiet roads in unspoilt surroundings to the home of the Ward brothers, Daniel and Toby, who are opening their private collection of important mostly early vehicles, with a further even less well known collection the destination in the afternoon.

The big attraction of the run, other than the rare chance to see these very private collections, is the opportunity to meet other connoisseurs of entirely original machines, followers of the Oily Rag philosophy who most likely don’t own a bottle of polish between them.

If you would like to join the run send an email with details of your car to scott.barrett@theautomobile.co.uk  before the end of August

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Brewster Moseley: Documenting Decay

Photographer Brewster Moseley has scoured the salvage yards of Montana looking for rusting postwar cars which he photographs in extreme close-up to create almost abstract artwork that revels in the subtle beauty of decay. He searches out unusual bonnet ornaments, patterns in faded paintwork and pitted chrome trim, using his camera to focus the eye on the fascinating details that might otherwise be missed when viewing these derelict Detroit giants from a distance. More of his wonderful photographs can be seen on his website and in the July issue of The Automobile




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Future of the Past?

What a pleasant surprise to find two new books on a subject so dear to our hearts, and both from American collectors whose immediate predecessors , not all that many years ago, would have been only too eager to strip down an important historic racing car or a dilapidated Delahaye or Talbot-Lago Aerodyne and give it a “ground-up” – a full, nut and bolt restoration to far better than new condition in the expectation of taking Best of Show at Pebble Beach.

Fred Simeone is now one of the most senior and best respected concours judges in the United States, specialising in the Preservation class, for for whose introduction (at long last) he was partly responsible. His book, in particular, is a serious treatise on the Oily Rag philosophy, dealing at length with such topical questions as “To race or not to race?”, “How to use an untouched treasure responsibly” and “What to do with and older restoration?”. A long chapter devoted to parallel collecting fields such as clocks, furniture, pictures and even ceramics points out that museums, in particular, now turn their backs on restored examples of even the finest and rarest of such objects unless it can be shown beyond all doubt that the process had resulted in no significant loss or, worse still, gain. These institutions now prefer to buy objects which have never been touched, when procurable, and to leave and display them that way. Why? Because they have become aware of the liberties that are often taken in the restoration process to enhance value. One essay makes it clear that dealers and auctioneers have already picked up on this trend, often suggesting reserve prices up to four times higher for what we in our field would call barn finds than for tarted-up equivalents.

One reason for this change of attitude, of course, is that the supply of untouched older automobiles is diminishing worldwide as long term owners die off or reclusive hoarders, tempted by high prices, bring them reluctantly into the light of day. As Fred Simeone himself points out, established current collectors seldom sell prized exhibits, which of course only intensifies competition for those that do come to the market. Fakers, lured by financial rewards that were undreamed of until recently, respond to the situation in the old familiar way, leaving untouched vehicles as the only foolproof response for curators who want to be sure they are preserving examples of original materials, craftsmanship and finish.

But can they be so sure? One of the most fascinating chapters in the Simeone book is a photographic essay featuring the dismantling and analysis of a Bugatti Type 35B, chassis 4959, engine 204T, which turns out to be, as claimed, one of the works team that contested the Targa Florio in 1930. But the body, despite appearances, is a much later assemblage of largely genuine components, very few of which started life together and none of which was originally associated with the chassis. The conclusion is that the vehicle in question was assembled in the UK in all innocence by an enthusiastic and knowledgeable owner a long time ago, when discarded body parts were freely available, cash was in short supply and the end result was of no great value anyway. This is by way of illustration of Simeone’s point that, in the absence of proven provenance – ie, documentary evidence, as opposed to visual indication or word of mouth – nothing is certain.

The tendency nowadays for long term owners to dispose of their treasures at auction, with buyers increasingly content to bid on the internet unviewed, does not help the situation. As the book points out, by the careful use in catalogues of terms such as “attributed to”, “purporting to be” and “said to have”, auctioneers seem to absolve themselves of responsibility for the kind of misdescription that can lead to expensive litigation. Some of them, of course, try to work the trade within these limits in search of higher hammer prices. We ourselves can provide a recent example of this. At one prestigious sale this year an exotic French routier of ravishing if decayed appearance, evidently untouched externally, was offered, or so it appeared, with its missing engine and gearbox dumped casually in the cockpit, giving the lot the appearance of an unfinished restoration. Nothing was said in the catalogue about this but, according to respected and very knowledgeable English dealer we spoke to afterwards,who had been allowed to examine the car for a client, the engine and gearbox offered were the wrong type and did not belong to the car, or even to each other. Worse still, the entire chassis appeared to him to be of recent, rather crude construction, suggesting, to him at any rate, that what was actually on offer was a very pretty, unrestored cabriolet body and nothing else. As far as he knew, the resultant concoction found a buyer “but pity help him when he discovers what he was acquired.”

Simeone sums up his attitude in one particularly neat passage: “An important automobile which has undergone an older or even a recent restoration is still important. It maintains many of the characteristics which make it important but as a historical document it has lost much of its relevance to the past.”

Even more telling is a note by Michael Furman. He is a well known American photographer who for 25 years has specialised in studio images, beautifully posed and lit,or freshly restored concours contenders. “Then why” he asks, “Would I be attracted to an original, unrestored car? I have come to learn that what makes a car important is its relationship to people. The people who designed it, built it, maybe raced it and possibly even died behind its wheel. The softness of worn leather, the tarnish of undisturbed metals, the patination of untouched painted surfaces all come together to tell the story of its experiences – its connections with the past and with the people whose lives were enriched by the interaction.”

This is an important but expensive book of relatively limited appeal. It would be more likely to have an influence on collecting trends that Fred Simeone clearly anticipates if it were more carefully edited. Countless typos do not suggest scholarly input at quite the right level….

The other work we are considering here, Vitesse-Élégance, is not a compilation of essays but a beautifully produced, carefully edited and very detailed examination by Serge Bellu, the well known French journalist, author, lecturer and editor for 20 years of our respected contemporary Automobiles Classiques, of some 43 choice exhibits from the extraordinary Mullin Collection in Oxnard, California.

It is the third in a series of such tomes focussing this time on French cars ranging in date from 1911 to 1960, and is illustrated throughout by carefully lit, wonderfully detailed, mostly full page studio photographs by Furman, whose mature views on his specialism (quoted earlier) may well have been influenced by the fact that, for this assignment, his brief was not to present in their best light bit to scrutinise through his lens in strict order (front, back, sides, rear) a portfolio of largely untouched, original subjects with such intensity as to bring out all the subtle textures, faded colours, chips, dents and scratches that give them their irreplaceable historic validity.

Of the vehicles illustrated, only 10 or 11, including three cyclecars and a motorcycle, are in what we would call Oily Rag condition – mostly just about capable of self-propulsion, but otherwise untouched. Most of the other are tasteful restorations, but a few are recent recreations labelled as such and perhaps justifiable on the grounds that they represent lost originals of such significance that the collection would be poorer without them. Marques represented in some numbers, nearly all French of course, are Voisin (14 examples and clearly a favourite marque, as it is with us), Hispano-Suiza (five), Renault (three), Panhard et Levassor (two) and Peugeot and Citroen (two each, plus a Peugeot motorcycle). Among the many single exhibits, we particularly loved the Sizaire-Frères fabric laundalet by Weymann, somehow extracted from the Schlumpf reserve collection and displayed exactly as found. Others in the same state include a marvellous Darl ‘Mat Peugeot cabriolet, complete apart from its boot lids but still rotten in places, and a Panhard X63 saloon at which many a vintage enthusiast would have turned up his nose nose only a generation ago but that we, certainly, would jump at for our Oily Rag collection were it to turn up in one of the French provincial auctions David Howard haunts on our behalf.

This, of course, is the great virtue of a collection that looks beyond fashion and superficiality to character, texture and truth to trend. Mullin himself is a successful investor whose name is as familiar on Wall Street as it is at Pebble Beach or Amelia Island. But, Clearly, he is a curator at heart, and his vast museum a serious enterprise rather than just a dodge. Apart from its catalogue raisonée aspect, this book sets out to examine the factors which drove such visionaries as Voisin, Le Corbusier, Gregoire, Paulin, Ledwinka and the other futurist designers and engineers of the Art Déco period to look beyond the ordinary, deriving inspiration principally from aviation in the same way their present day counterparts look to the computer and its endless manifestations as a driving force in their own search for the next step forward.

This article originally appeared in the May, 2013 issue of The Automobile. Both books are available from Coachbuilt Press

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